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database flattened out vs. normalized Stack Overflow

Jan 19, 20112 Answers. Flattened out typically refers to a database where you have a single (or few) very large tables. Normalized refers to whether the data has been organized into well structured, related tables. This typically reduces duplication of values across rows in a table by pulling the values into a separate table,

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Distribution of rare earth elements in the estuarine and

Distribution of rare earth elements in the estuarine and coastal sediments of the Daliao River System, China Chunye Lin, Shaoqing Liu, Mengchang He, Ruiping Li Earth Sciences

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IN THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT apps.dtic.mil

2 Rare Earth Abundances in Red Clays, in Diato-maceous Ooze, in Products of EDTA-treatment of Red Clays, and in the Average of 17 Chondrites 23 3 Rare Earth Abundances in EDTA-treated Clays and in Globigarina Tests from Core A180-74 25 4 Rare Earth Abundances in Assorted Samples 27 5. Concentrations of RE in Three Sea-Water Fractions 28

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The geochemistry of carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn-Ag

Post Archean Australian Shale (PAAS)-normalized rare earth and yttrium (REY) patterns of the Upper and Lower marbles, and calcite intergrown with sulfides show positive Eu and negative Ce anomalies as well as Y/Ho ratios between 40 and 80. Normalized REY patterns of fluorite also have positive Eu and negative Ce anomalies.

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Metal Prices Steel, Aluminum, Copper, Stainless, Rare

MetalMiner Prices. Produced each Friday, MetalMiner Industrial Metal Indices are generated from thousands of price points, normalized to account for the composition, form and quantity of the material purchased, as well as other cost drivers specific to the North American market. Current prices are an average of prices paid for a specific grade

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RARE EARTH MARKET OUTLOOK BASE CASE PRICE

In light of moderated production, normalized inventory levels, thinning spot supplies, and increased government oversight and enforcement in China, we have increased our near-term price forecasts for most rare earth oxides, but maintain the majority of our

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Effect of changing the rare earth cation type on the

Effect of changing the rare earth cation type on the structure and crystallization behavior of an aluminoborosilicate glass A. Quintas, D. Caurant, O. Majrus Laboratoire de Chimie de la Matire Condense de Paris, UMR 7574, ENSCP, Paris, France normalized to the same maximum BO 4

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ABUNDANCES IN THE BUMUNU HOWARDITE b NASA

Bununu is the first howardite to be analyzed for the rare-earths. Because of the considerable confusion in the criteria of distinction between eucrites and howardites (51, Schmitt et al. (2) incorrectly termed Neuvo Laredo a howardite in reporting its rare-earth contents. The normalized plot in Fig.

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Life Cycle Impact of Rare Earth Elements hindawi

(iii) Heavy rare earth elements (HREEs) terbium (Tb), dysprosium (Dy), holmium (Ho), erbium (Er), thulium (Tm), ytterbium (Yb), lutetium (Lu), scandium (Sc), and yttrium (Y). There are about 200 known rare-earth containing mineral deposits, mostly as carbonatites spread around the world.

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Rare earth element geochemistry of groundwater in the

Aug 01, 2004Concentrations of rare earth elements (REE) were determined in groundwaters from the Palouse Basin, located in northern Idaho and eastern Washington. Samples were taken from wells and springs tapping waters in four different rock units loess, Wanapum Basalt, Grande Ronde Basalt, and Moscow Mountain Granite. In general, unfiltered aliquots of the waters had higher concentrations of

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A novel nuclear forensic tool involving deposit type

May 30, 2017Rare earth element (REE) distributions within uranium ores are well‐established forensic indicators, but quantifying and correlating trace element signatures for U ores to known deposits has thus far involved intricate statistical analyses.

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Rare Earth Elements Their Importance in Understanding

LREEs are the light rare earth elements, comprised of the elements La to Eu, whereas HREEs are the heavy rare earth elements, comprised of the elements Gd to Lu. The ionic radius of any cationic species is experimentally determined and is largely dependent on its atomic number, oxidation state, the coordination number (CN), and the radius of the anionic species.

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Rare Earth Elements as a Paleo-Ocean Redox Proxy

The average for the middle to upper portion of the Union Springs Member within the Yoder core. is 0.945, with a minimum of 0.790 (seen at 5639-5639.167') and a maximum of 0.993. There do not seem to be any clear Europium anomalies present within the entire Union. Springs Member of the Yoder core.

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Bau Jacobs University Inspiration is a Place

Rare earth elements in the aragonitic shell of freshwater mussel Corbicula fluminea and the bioavailability of anthropogenic lanthanum, samarium and gadolinium in river water. Science of

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China Still Bans Rare Earths for Japan, Executives Say

Nov 11, 2010Rare earths are essential for a wide variety of continued to be held up at Chinese ports and that the Japanese government had not seen any signs that trade would be normalized

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Regulatory Status and Challenges in NORM Industries

1 Rare earths All kinds of rare earth ore (including monazite, bastnaesite, xenotime and ionic rare earth ore) mining, ore dressing and smelting 2 Niobium Tantalum Niobium, tantalum ore mining, ore dressing and smelting 3 Zirconium Zirconium Oxide Mining, ore dressing and smelting of

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Rare earth element systematics in scheelite from

Rare earth element (REE) and other trace element abundances in scheelite have been determined in situ by excimer laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ELA-ICP-MS) in order to constrain the composition and sources of the mineralizing fluids.

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Published in Environmental Pollution 2013Authors Sabina Dolegowska Zdzislaw M MigaszewskiAffiliation Jan Kochanowski University

Geochemical Analysis of Mississippian Cherts and Devonian

Rare earth element (REE) concentrations normalized to average continental arcs plot near one for the upper Boone chert samples, indicating similar compositions, while the lower Boone and Arkansas Novaculite have lower normalized values. Rare earth element plus yttrium (REY) concentrations normalized to Post-Archean Australian Shales (PAAS) reveal a negative cerium (Ce) anomaly and a

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Rare earth element systematics in boiled fluids from

Jan 01, 2019Rare earth element systematics in boiled fluids from basalt-hosted geothermal systems. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 244, 129-154. REE present at levels above 5 picomole/kg (pmol/kg) in the boiled geothermal fluids; and there are notable CI chondrite normalized La and Eu anomalies in the saline fluids. REE concentrations in Middle Valley

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GEOLOGY AND GEOCHEMISTRY OF ORDOVICIAN

by steep light rare-earth element enriched chondrite-normalized patterns, diagnostic of carbonatites. Similar carbonatites are found in the Chupadera Mountains, Socorro County and the Monte Largo area, Bernalillo County. The Lemitar carbonatites are enriched in

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Hydrogeochemistry and rare earth element behavior in a

rare earth elements in a variety of lotic and limnic settings, all within a watershed that is naturally acidic. The results of this study provideaninteresting contrast to investigations of REE in mining-impacted water-sheds, and should be of interest to anyone dealing with the geochemistry of REE in acidic waters. 2. Methods 2.1. Field methods

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Thulium anomalies and rare earth element patterns in

known as rare earth elements (hereafter REEs), have diagnostic signatures associated with a variety of geochemical and cosmochemical processes. Trivalent REEs fractionate during these processes as smooth functions of their masses, a phenomenon known as lanthanide contraction whereby the ionic radii of REEs decreases with increasing atomic masses.

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Rare Earth Elements (REE) in Lunar Meteorites

Rare Earth Elements (REE) in Lunar Meteorites. All the meteorites are breccias. Only a few of these meteorites have moderately high concentrations of REE. The others provide the best estimates of the composition of the surface of the feldspathic highlands crust distance from the Procellarum KREEP Terrane (Korotev et al., 2003).

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Chemical composition of Earth's primitive mantle and

elements, such as Ca, Al, Ti, rare earth elements (REE), U, and Th, occur in roughly constant proportions in different classes of chondrites and also in the solar photosphere . It is thus reasonable to assume that the ratios of these elements in the bulk silicate Earth should be (at least

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We'll hit just a few highlights James J. Wray

Figure 9.4. Rare Earth concentrations (normalized to chondrite) for melts produced at various values of F via melting of a hypothetical garnet lherzolite using the batch melting model (equation 9-5). From Winter (2001) An Introduction to Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. Prentice Hall. Enrich LREE HREE Greater enrichment for

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Published in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 2008Authors Brian W Alexander Michael Bau Per Andersson Peter DulskiAffiliation Jacobs University Bremen Swedish Museum of Natural HistoryAbout Trace element Surface water Chemical composition Waves and shallow water S

Rare Earth Elements in some representative arc lavas

Rare Earth Elements in some representative arc lavas Low-K (tholeiitic), Medium-K (calc-alkaline), and High-K basaltic andesites and andesites. A typical N-MORB pattern is included for reference Notes 1. Within each series, slope of pattern is relative constant. Changes in REE concentrations within each series is primarily

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Published in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 1999Authors Dia Sotto Alibo Yoshiyuki NozakiAffiliation University of TokyoAbout Ocean current Rare-earth element Biogeochemical cycle

The luminescence properties of rare-earth ions in

The luminescence properties of rare-earth ions in natural fluorite (rare-earth element) content normalized to chondrite C1 (Fig. 1) are typical for pegmatite fluorite. The RREE = 15,765.68 ppm, RHREE = 14,588.79 ppm and RHREE/RLREE = 12.4, where LREElight rare-earth

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RARE EARTH AND TRACE ELEMENT GEOCHEMISTRY OF

Figure 2 Rare Earth Element concentrations normalized to the Silicate Earth of individual melt clasts, melt-breccia dike, and bulk analysis of suevites and melt matrix breccia

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PRECAMBRIAN PALEOSOLS AS INDICATORS OF

Figure 2.7 Normalized rare earth element concentrations for Hokkalampi samples. Shaded areas reflect the range of parent material values. (a) REE concentrations of the Paukkajanvaara samples normalized to chondrites. (b) REE concentrations of the Nuutilanvaar Nuutilanvaara samples normalized to

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r De normalize predicted value Cross Validated

Say y = 0.4513869 is the predicted normalized value which i would like to de-normalize. Based on the normalization code below, how can i achieve this? normalized = (x-min(x))/(max(x)-min(x))

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